RV Seat Belt Laws By State (Know When To Buckle Up)

RV Seat Belt

The sofas, bed, kitchen counters and even bunks in an RV all offer a place to sit. However there are safety precautions to be taken while on the road that not everyone is familiar with. RV seat belt laws tend to vary according to which state you’re in. Just when and where are you supposed to strap in while in the RV? The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration came up with some seat belt laws and guidelines. They heavily rely on what state you’re in so its better to do some research in advance before taking off in your motor home.

There are two types of laws while you’re on the road, primary enforcement and secondary enforcement. In the primary, an officer can stop a motorists solely for violating the seat belt law. While in the secondary enforcement an officer can only stop the vehicle for other reasons before they charge a motorist for violating the seat belt rule.

While some states may only require the people sitting at the front of the RV to put on those seat belts; others require all passengers to be strapped in (regardless of where you’re sitting). Let’s look at some of these laws according to States.

 

RV Seat Belt Laws by State
State/jurisdiction Primary Enforcement Seat regulation for wearing seatbelt Coverage and exemptions Fine
Alabama Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats Exemptions are; medical reasons, newspaper/mail delivery, more than 10 passenger vehicles, model year before 1965, vehicles driving in reverse $25
Alaska Yes All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, newspaper/mail delivery, school buses, vehicles with no safety belts, emergency vehicles $15
Arizona Secondary enforcement Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 5-15 in the rear Exemptions are; mail delivery, medical reasons, more than 10 passenger vehicles, model year before 1972 $10
Arkansas Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats Exemption are; medical reason, rural mail delivery, school, church, and public buses, model year before 1968 $25
California Yes All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, newspaper/rural mail delivery, waste/recycling collections, emergency vehicles $20
Colorado Secondary enforcement (primary law for occupants under 18yrs) All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, delivery or pickup services, buses, ambulances, farm tractors, husbandry vehicles, vehicles not required to have belts $15
Connecticut Yes Only people sitting in the front seats, children aged 4-16 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, delivery services, vehicles more than 10000 lbs, public vehicles, emergency vehicles $37
Delaware Yes All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, mail delivery, tractors, off-road vehicles $25
Florida Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 6-17 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, newspaper delivery, living space of RVs, school and public buses, farm tractors, trash trucks, trucks more than 5000 lbs $30
Georgia Yes All passengers on the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons or newspaper/rural mail delivery, pickup trucks, off-road vehicles, vehicles for more than 10 passengers, emergency vehicles, vehicles making frequent stops, vehicles in reverse, model year before 1965 $15
Hawaii Yes Only people sitting on the front seats, children aged 4-17 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, taxis, buses & school buses more than 10,000 lbs, emergency vehicles, vehicles not required to have belts $45
Idaho Secondary enforcement (primary for drivers under 18yrs) All passengers on the RV Exemptions are; medical reason, all belts are used, mail delivery Vehicles more than 8,000 lbs, emergency vehicles, husbandry vehicles $10
Illinois Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 8-15 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, rural mail delivery, emergency vehicles, vehicles not required to have belts, vehicles in reverse $25
Indiana Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 4-11 in the rear Exemptions are;medical reason, delivery service, pickup trucks, buses, trucks, tractors, RVs, SUVs registered as pickup trucks $25
Iowa Yes All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, delivery service, bus passenger, emergency vehicles $25
Kansas Yes Only the people in the front seats, children aged 4-14 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, newspaper/mail delivery Farm vehicles more than 16,000 lbs, vehicles for more than 10 people, trucks more than 12,000 lbs, off-road vehicles $10
Kentucky Yes All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reason, mail delivery, farm vehicles more than 2,000 lbs, vehicles for more than 10 people, trucks more than 12,000 lbs, model year before 1965 $25
Louisiana Yes Only the people sitting in the front seat, children aged 6-12 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reason, mail delivery, farm vehicles within 5 miles of farm, model year before 1981, vehicles for more than 10 people $25-50
Maine Yes All passengers in the RV Exemptions are;medical reasons, rural mail delivery, taxis, vehicles manufactured without belts $25-50
Maryland Yes Only the passengers in the front seat Exemptions are;medical reasons, mail delivery, taxis, vanpools, hearses, farm vehicles within 10 miles of farm, antique vehicles, emergency vehicles $25
Massachusetts Secondary enforcement All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, rural mail delivery, taxis, buses, tractors, livery vehicles, trucks more than 18,000 lbs, emergency vehicles $25
Michigan Yes Only the people sitting on the fronts seats, children aged 4-15 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, delivery service, school buses, model year before 1965, vehicles not required to have belts $25
Minnesota Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 4-10 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, rural mail delivery, when all belts used, farm pickup trucks; school buses, model year before 1965, vehicles in reverse, making frequent stops, or less than 25 mph $25
Mississippi Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 4-10 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, meter reader, farm vehicles, ATVs, buses, trailers, vehicles for more than 15 passengers, husbandry vehicles $25
Missouri Secondary enforcement (primary for 16yrs and under) Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 4-15 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, mail delivery, all belts used, farm vehicles, vehicles for more than 10 people or used for agriculture, trucks more than 12,000 lbs, model year before 1968 $10
Montana Secondary enforcement All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, all belts used, vehicles with frequent stops, special mobile equipment vehicles $20
Nebraska Secondary enforcement Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 4-18 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, rural mail delivery Farm vehicles, buses, emergency vehicles, parade vehicles, model year before 1973 $25
Nevada Secondary enforcement All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, rural mail delivery, taxis, buses, emergency vehicles, vehicles not required to have belts, making frequent stops, or less than 15 mph $25
New Hampshire No law All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; Taxis, school buses, antique vehicles, parade vehicles, model year before 1968 $25
New Jersey Yes* Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 8-17 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, rural mail delivery, vehicles manufactured before 1966, vehicles not required to have belts $42
New Mexico Yes All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, rural mail delivery Vehicles more than 10,000 lbs. $25+
New York Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats,, children aged 15 and under in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, rural mail delivery, taxis, non-school buses, livery vehicles $50+
North Carolina Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 15 and under in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, delivery service, commercial vehicles, farm vehicles, emergency vehicles, vehicles for more than 11 people, making frequent stops, or less than 20 mph $25
North Dakota Secondary enforcement Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 7-17 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, rural mail delivery, all belts used, farm vehicles, vehicles for more than 10 people, husbandry vehicles $20
Ohio Secondary enforcement Only the people sitting in the front seats Exemptions are; medical reason or newspaper/mail delivery $25
Oklahoma Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 6-12 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reason or mail delivery RVs, trucks, tractors $20
Oregon Yes All the passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, newspaper/mail delivery, meter reader, or when all belts used, taxis, transit vehicles, trash trucks, emergency vehicles, vehicles for more than 15 passengers or not required to have belt $94
Pennsylvania Secondary enforcement (primary for ages 18 and younger) Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 8-17 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, delivery service less than 15 mph, trucks more than 7,000 lbs, model year before 1966 $10
Rhode Island Yes All the passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons or rural mail delivery, vehicles not required to have belts, model year before 1966 $75
South Carolina Yes All the passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, delivery service, or all belts used, School, church, and daycare buses, public transit, vehicles for more than 10 passengers, parade vehicles $10
South Dakota Secondary enforcement (primary law for under 18) Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 18 and under in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, mail/newspaper delivery, vehicles not required to have belts, model year before 1973 $20
Tennessee Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 16 and under in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, newspaper/mail delivery, utility worker, mechanic or auto dealer within 1 mile of dealership, public vehicles, vehicles more than 8500 lbs, parade vehicles, hayrides, vehicles not required to have belts $10-20
Texas Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 17 and under in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, newspaper/mail delivery, utility workers, farm vehicles, vehicles for more than 10 people, trucks more than 15000 lbs $25-200
Utah Yes All the passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, all belts are used, vehicles not required to have belts, model year before 1966 $15-45
Vermont Secondary enforcement All the passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, rural mail delivery, delivery of more than 15 mph, taxis, buses, farm tractors, emergency vehicles $10
Virginia Secondary enforcement Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 16 and under in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, rural mail delivery, meter reader, parking enforcement, taxis, police vehicles, vehicles for more than ten passengers, municipal and delivery vehicles with frequent stops $25
Washington Yes All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, all the belts are used, farm vehicles, construction vehicles, vehicles for more than 10 passengers, commercial vehicles with frequent stops $101
West Virginia Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 17 and under in the rear Exemptions are; vehicles for more than 19 passengers $25
Wisconsin Yes Only the people sitting in the front seats, children aged 4-15 in the rear Exemptions are; medical reasons, newspaper/rural mail delivery, land survey, taxis, farm trucks, emergency vehicles, vehicles with frequent stops, vehicles not required to have belts $10
Wyoming Secondary enforcement All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, mail delivery, all belts are used, buses, emergency vehicles $10-25
District of Columbia Yes All passengers in the RV Exemptions are; medical reasons, taxis, vehicles for more than 9 passengers, farm vehicles, model year before 1966 $50+
Puerto Rico Yes All the passenger in the RV none $50
U.S Virgin Islands Yes All passengers in the RV n/a $25-250

There are specific restrictions when it comes to age on who has to have their seat belt on while at the rear of the RV. Some states include the use of a child seat as part of the restriction. Paying attention or even remembering these laws might be a bit tricky, so why not just strap everyone in? Better safe than sorry.

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